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vocal cords, pleasure, self-consciusness, shame, the less, capable, inability, own, gifted, holds, senses, decrease, self esteem, unused, pioneer, narrow

Each of us with hearing and vocal cords can sing, but many of us do not enjoy this primitive pleasure because of self-consciousness and shame at the sounds we make. As with any other human capacity, the less we sing, the less we believe we are capable of doing it well.

An inability to sing has become so common that there are now classes and camps to help people make, hear, and appreciate the sounds of their own voices. Paul Winter, a gifted musician and composer, often holds summer singing camps for adults. Though he travels and performs internationally to bring musical traditions of different cultures together, and has pioneered the use of natural sounds in his compositions, he finds that getting the silent to sing is one of the most gratifying things in music. With the simple act of singing people's lives change.

Perhaps the need to use all our senses explains why a decrease in such school "extras" as music, art, dance, and gym often seems to parallel the loss of student self esteem caused by other academic subjects. And as adults, we tend to narrow our forms of self-expression even more. Any one of our human capacities, when unused, leaves a small hole in the fabric of our self-esteem. Think of the times you have said: "I can't write," "I can't paint," "I can't run", "I can't dance", "I can't sing." Since this was not literally true, you were really saying: "I'm not acceptable as I am."

Find the words in the text that mean: (?)

a) talented: gifted (con talento) destacar parrafo

Ayuda: talented es un adjetivo igual que su sinónimo gifted. Ambos adjetivos se han formado a partir del sustantivo añadiendo el sufijo –ed.

b) plays music : performs (actúa)destacar parrafo

Ayuda: en este caso tenemos que buscar el sinónimo de un grupo verbal cuyo núcleo es el verbo (plays) que está en tercera persona del singular. Debemos encontrar otro verbo en la misma persona y que signifique lo mismo. El verbo performs significa “actúar” y se utiliza tanto como para hablar de cine o teatro (interpretar) como para hablar de música (cantar).

c) rewarding: gratifying (gratificante) destacar parrafo

Ayuda: rewarding es un adjetivo que al igual que gratifying se ha formado a partir de un verbo añadiendo el sufijo –ing. Ambos tienen el mismo significado.

d) structure: fabric (estructura) destacar parrafo

Ayuda: structure es un sustantivo en singular. Uno de los significados de fabric es “estructura”.

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