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What´s like to be a dog?

What´s like to be a dog?

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urges, griefs, ways, indeed, making up for

Do animals have rich emotional lives? For people who spend a lot of time with animals, these are silly questions. Common sense tells us that our animal companions do indeed show happiness, sadness, anger, jealousy and grief. However, common sense is sometimes difficult to reconcile with science sense, which looks for repeatable observations under controlled conditions. But emotions are often brief and unrepeatable.

For centuries, the inner lives of animals were ignored because we assumed animals were automatons - biological machines ruled simply by urges and instincts, responding mechanically to stimuli they were confronted with. However, we share nearly 99 percent of our genetic material with our nearest biological relative, the chimpanzee. Is it possible, then, that with so much in common, we have emotions and other creatures do not?

Like people, animals behave in recognizable ways when feeling happiness, grief or anger. In addition, the study of neurobiology reveals that different species of animals have in common both certain brain structures and the chemicals that transmit information within those structures. Today many scientists are accepting that non-human animals do indeed experience emotions and there is increasing evidence that birds, reptiles and fish experience some kind of emotional activity as well. The study of animal emotions has become an exciting field that is quickly making up for lost time. According to some scientists, in the last ten years we have probably learned as much as we did in the previous one hundred.

In your own words and based on the ideas in the text, answer the following questions.

a) Why did animal emotions go unnoticed for many years?

Because it was generally accepted that animals had automatic reactions rather than showing emotions,, they reacted automatically and through instincts to external stimuli. destacar parrafo

Ayuda: La estructura "rather than + gerundio" se utiliza con adjetivos o expresiones adverbiales, o con gerundio para comparar preferencias.

b) What scientific evidence is there to show that animals experience emotions?

Current scientific investigations have revealed that animals´ brains share common structures and secrete the same chemicals that carry information within the brain. In addition, the way animals show several emotions in their behaviour is recognizable, just like we are able to recognize grief or happiness in humans. destacar parrafo

Ayuda: "secrete chemical" significa segregar productos químicos.

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